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Glaucoma Center

GlaucomaGlaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve of the eye. Most often, it is associated with elevated eye pressure which slowly and irreversibly damages nerve fibers over time.

Even today, glaucoma is one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in our country and world wide!

Cause

The eye contains a drain called the trabecular meshwork which is responsible for allowing fluid to exit from inside the eye. In glaucoma, this drain becomes diseased causing fluid to build up and the pressure inside the eye to rise.

Over time, the chronically elevated pressure cause the optic nerve fibers to slowly die leading to irreversible vision loss.

Symptoms

Unfortunately, the vast majority of patients cannot tell if they have glaucoma. This is because, glaucoma robs the eye of its extreme peripheral vision first, and we are not as sensitive to this type of vision loss. Also, elevated pressure normally does not cause pain. This is why glaucoma testing on routine examination is so important.

Risk factors

Diagnosis

Everyone should be screened for glaucoma with vision testing, eye pressure checks and optic nerve examination during a routine visit. However, a complete glaucoma evaluation is necessary for any patient who is a suspect as follows: